Doctors pinpointed the carcinogenicity of vinyl chloride in the late 1960s. Summary: Vinyl chloride is a colorless gas. The general population may be exposed by inhaling contaminated air or tobacco smoke. Chloroethene, Chloroethylene, Ethylene monochloride, Monochloroethene, Monochloroethylene, VC, VCM, Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) Colorless gas or liquid (below 7°F) with a pleasant odor at high concentrations. A recent study that was conducted found that vinyl flooring contains toxic chemicals that include phthalates, lead, flame retardants, and VOCs like formaldehyde that will off gas into the air after the installation process in a home and taint the indoor air quality to hazardous levels. The intensity of symptoms varies fro… Polyvinyl chloride is more often referred to by its less-technical names, PVC and vinyl. (4) • The chemical formula for vinyl chloride is C 2 H 3 Cl and the molecular weight is 62.5 g/mol. Studies of workers in polyvinyl chloride polymerization of certain plastic and rubber factories revealed that numerous workers had been diagnosed with liver angiosarcoma. [ifediba.com] The gas can cause dizziness, drowsiness, and headache when inhaled. Most of it is made in the United States. Vinyl chloride finds its major application in the production of PVC. Plasticized or Flexible PVC (Density: 1.1-1.35 g/cm3): Flexible PVC is formed by the addition of compatible plasticizers to PVC which lower the crystallinity. Email: Contact CDC-INFO. [4] Vinyl chloride causes angiosarcoma, brain and lung cancers, lymphoma, and leukemia. Quick reference guide providing information such as chemical and physical properties, sources of exposure, routes of exposure, minimal risk levels, children's health, and health effects for a substance. It is a manufactured substance that does not occur naturally. In the environment, the highest levels of vinyl chloride are found in … The major industrial preparation of vinyl chloride begins with ethylene and has two Vinyl chloride is a colorless gas with a mild, sweet odor. Please contact NTP, IARC, or EPA’s IRIS Hotline with questions on cancer and cancer classification. VC is the most toxic plastic for our health and environment. ATSDR can also tell you the location of occupational and environmental health clinics. To sum up: During its lifecycle PVC plastic releases toxic, chlorine-based chemicals that build up in the world’s ecosystems and end up in the food chain and eventually in humans and animals. Vinyl: The Poison Plastic Polyvinyl chloride (PVC or vinyl) is the most toxic plastic for our health and the environment. It burns easily and it is not stable at high temperatures. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). It is used to make PVC, which is an ingredient in making plastic products, such as pipes, wire and cable coatings, and packaging materials. (4) • The vapor pressure for vinyl chloride is 2,600 mm Hg at 25 °C, and it has a log For more information about this message, please visit this page: Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry, Medical Management Guidelines (MMG) for Acute Chemical Exposure, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Quick Reference for Health Care Providers. PVC is used to make a variety of plastic products, including pipes, wire and cable coatings, and packaging materials. (1) The chemical formula for vinyl chloride is C Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported by your browser. It has a mild, sweet odor. for the hazard and dose-response assessment in IRIS pertaining to chronic exposure to vinyl chloride. It is used in the plastics industry, often to produce PVC (polyvinyl chloride) and does not occur naturally in the environment. For more information about this message, please visit this page: Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry, Health Effects of Exposure to Substances and Carcinogens, Community Environmental Health Education Presentations, Case Studies in Environmental Medicine (CSEM), Toxicology Curriculum for Communities Trainer's Manual, Compendium of Papers on MRLs and Health Effects, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Fact sheet that answers the most frequently asked questions about a contaminant and its health effects. Additionally, there are reports of cases of significant chronic exposure related to aerosol propellant usage in the 1960s and early 1970s, although VCM is no longer utilized in this manner. (4) • The odor threshold for vinyl chloride ranges from 260 ppm to 4,000 ppm. (4) Vinyl chloride is slightly soluble in water and is quite flammable. Small quantities of vinyl chloride can be released to food since it is used to make many food wrappings and containers. In Section 6, EPA has characterized its overall confidence in the quantitative and qualitative aspects of hazard and dose response. Vinyl Chloride is a cancer-causing chemical that is highly-toxic, flammable, colorless, and sweet-smelling. The ATSDR toxicological profile succinctly characterizes the toxicologic and adverse health effects information for the hazardous substance described here. These releases … Vinyl Chloride Toxicity. Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported by your browser. Case Studies in Environmental Medicine. Vinyl chloride is a colorless gas. What is disturbing is the fact that PVC uses chemicals that are quite dangerous to both our health and the environment; yet many of these chemicals are present in our own homes, workplaces and schools where children are exposed to them on a daily basis. Summary about a hazardous substance taken from Chapter One of its respective ATSDR Toxicological Profile. [1] [2][3] VCM is now classified as an International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Group 1 carcinogen. It is not intended to be a comprehensive treatise on the chemical or toxicological nature of vinyl chloride. vinyl chloride 100 75-01-4 Ingredient name % CAS number There are no additional ingredients present which, within the current knowledge of the supplier and in the These chemicals include dioxins that are among the most toxic chemicals known to science. Other pertinent literature is also presented, but is described in less detail than the key studies. ATSDR and Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) are conducting an extensive review of environmental health concerns raised by the community members in Midlothian, Texas to determine if chemical releases from local industries could or have affected the health of persons and animals in the area. Addendum to the Toxicological Profile for Vinyl Chloride (February 2016). Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) is a colorless, gaseous, sweet-smelling organochloride primarily used in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) with additional historical usage before the 1970s as an aerosol propellant and refrigerant. The symptoms of vinyl chloride exposure are classified by ppm levels in ambient air with 4,000 ppmhaving a threshold effect. Healthy Child Healthy World describes PVC as the most toxic plastic, and vinyl chloride, the chemical used to make PVC, has been described as a known carcinogen by the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer. Vinyl chloride is a known animal and human carcinogen that induces angiosarcoma of the liver as well as tumors of the lung and hematolymphopoietic system in humans (Doll 1988; IARC 1987). From 1987 to 1993, according to EPA's Toxic Release Inventory, vinyl chloride releases to water and land totalled over 38,000 lbs. 888-232-6348 (TTY) Vinyl chloride toxicity occurs mainly through occupational exposure during the polymerization of VCM into PVC; however, community exposures secondary to industrial spills have occurred. Toxic substances list: vinyl chloride Vinyl chloride (VC) is a flammable and explosive colourless gas with a sweet odour. Vinyl chloride is a deadly toxic chemical, despite industry’s repeated attempts to hide the threats. It burns easily and it is not stable at high temperatures. It is primarily used to make Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC), the 3rd most-popular plastic material in the world. For more than 30 years, leading health, environmental justice, and health-impacted organizations across the country and world have been campaigning to phase out this poison plastic. Vinyl chloride, a colourless, flammable, toxic gas belonging to the family of organohalogen compounds and used principally in making polyvinyl chloride, or PVC, a widely used plastic with numerous applications. Dubbed the most toxic plastic, vinyl – or polyvinyl chloride – is used today in a superfluity of items surrounding us. Vinyl chloride is a colorless gas with a mildly sweet smell that is flammable. Detailed Toxicity Information: Acute Toxicity 2: Vinyl chloride WHO Acute Hazard TRI Acute Hazard Material Safety Data Sheets Acute rating from U.S. EPA product label U.S. NTP Acute Toxicity Studies View Studies Cholinesterase Inhibitor: Not Listed Not Listed Not … For this reason, some items on this page will be unavailable. In 1982, the Marine Corps discovered specific volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the drinking water provided by two of the eight water treatment plants on base. The information in this MRL serves as a screening tool to help public health professionals decide where to look more closely to evaluate possible risk of adverse health effects from human exposure. It can be formed when other substances such as trichloroethane, trichloroethylene, and tetrachloroethylene are broken down. An emerging toxic plastic of concern, polyvinyl chloride (PVC or vinyl), is used widespread in schools across the nation. Water from the Tarawa Terrace Treatment Plant was contaminated by PCE (perchloroethylene or tetrachloroethylene). Toxic Exposure Injury Attorneys - Serving Clients Nationwide. Succinctly characterizes the toxicologic and adverse health effects information for a hazardous substance. And tetrachloroethylene are broken down chemical that is highly-toxic, flammable, colorless,,. Chloride exposure are classified by ppm levels in ambient air with 4,000 ppmhaving a threshold effect so the exposure. 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vinyl chloride toxicity